Dicroceliosis is a parasitic disease related to helminthiases, a subgroup of trematodes, accompanied by damage to the liver and gallbladder. Statistics say that dicroceliosis is more common in Asia, Europe, Africa, America, less often in US.
Parasites use both animals and humans as hosts, and mollusks and ants are intermediate, which enter the host's body with food, fruits, vegetables, and grass. Often observed in children, because due to their age they are not able to buy prednisolone online what they eat. In the body of the carrier can be up to six years. Parasites are found after passing tests and conducting special studies. Treatment is prescribed on an individual basis. With timely therapy, a positive prognosis without complications is observed.
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The causative agent of dicroceliosis is the helminth trematode that lives in the gallbladder and in the liver ducts of the carrier. They can live in the body of the host for up to six years. Animals are the source of infection. rodents, hares, large and small cattle, wild animals. Dicroceliasis in humans is rare, and infection occurs during the ingestion of the helminth carrier ant with food and fruits, vegetables, greens with food at a picnic. The disease is more common in children than in adults. Found on all continents.
The method of infection is the same - the parasite penetrates with food, then it spreads through the area through the feces of animals.
- Basically, the disease develops due to such an organism as the lanceolate fluke - a flatworm of the class trematode belongs to the genus Dicrocoelium. It has the following structure. narrow, leaf-shaped body up to 12 mm long, up to 2.5 mm wide; there is a cuticle with a conical papilla without spines.
- The ventral sucker is located on the body, it is larger than the oral sucker. Most of the body is filled by the uterus, located after the testes.
- The parasite lays dark brown eggs with a dense shell, which are resistant to changes in the external environment, withstand frost down to -23 and heat up to +20 degrees, and remain viable for a week. The life cycle of a parasite can be divided into stages.
- During its development cycle, the parasite manages to change one definitive (ruminants, rodents) and two intermediate (mollusk and insect) carriers, and once in a favorable environment, it begins to develop rapidly.
- The pathogenesis is based on the mechanical and toxic effects of parasites on the gallbladder and liver, as a result of which the ducts in the bile become wider, their walls thicken, inflammation occurs in the tissues, as lymphocytes accumulate, and lesions form along the edges of the liver. Toxins enter the body, which can cause a state of general malaise.
- The disease can be asymptomatic, but most often the symptoms of dicroceliosis in the acute stage are as follows. In the chronic course of prednisolone pills are noted.
- The chronic stage acquires the disease for 3-4 weeks of infection. A patient can suffer from dicroceliasis for 5-6 years. The doctor examines the patient, listens to complaints and prescribes special measures to confirm the disease.
- Diagnosis of dicroceliosis is carried out using the following measures. After confirming the presence of helminths, appropriate therapy is prescribed.